Using tables and figures in an academic research paper

Offset axes or not? Notice several things about this example: Surgical procedures were realized using transperitoneal approach through Chevron incision in 1 6. Tables formatted with cell boundaries showing are unlikely to be permitted in a journal.

Frequency histograms are important in describing populations, e. Placement of Figures and Tables within the Paper: Mean ages of the male, and female patients were When plotting data analyzed using non-parametric tests, you will most likely plot the median and quartiles or the range.

Figure legends go below the graph and are left justified; graphs and other types of Figures are usually read from the bottom up. Compound figures may require a full page. During writing process of a research article, a generally ill-conceived point is that positive, and significant findings are more important, attractive, and valuable, while negative, and insignificant findings are worthless, and less attractive.

Every aspect of your Figure should convey information; never use color simply because it is pretty. Error bars are therefore plotted for each point and defined in the legend as well.

However, for posters or projected images, where people may have a harder time reading the small print of a legend, a larger font title is very helpful. In any case, your results: For course-related papers, a good rule of thumb is to size your figures to fill about one-half of a page.

Figures, tables and graphs are useful methods for gathering a great deal of information into one place that can then be mentioned in the content of your article. Next, we examine the Discussion and Conclusion section.

How to clearly articulate results and construct tables and figures in a scientific paper?

For instance, the X axis is truncated below 50 g because no plants smaller than 52 g were measured. Setting the bin size at 0. Below are example figures typical line and bar graphs with the various component parts labeled in red. When you present tables or figures in your results section, make sure to describe at least some of the data included in these visual representations so that readers can clearly understand how the table works and what interpretations can be concluded from them.

If, in revison, you change the presentation sequence of the figures and tables, you must renumber them to reflect the new sequence. Previous parts explored how to write an introduction for a research paperliterature review outline and formatand how to write a research methodology. The rationale is that if you need to photocopy or fax your paper, any information conveyed by colors will be lost to the reader.

For example, in your empirical analysis you notice an uncommon correlation between two variables. The findings should be expressed in brief, lucid, and explicable words. Major ticks should be used to reasonably break up the range of values plotted into integer values.

Tips on effective use of tables and figures in research papers

Much of the results are also reported in the legends. When one variable is clearly dependent upon another e. Use an easily readable font size for axes and ticks. Similar to Author [Year], one of the findings of this study is the strong relationship between… While Author [Year] found an indirect relationship between, our study highlighted ….

Germination rates were significantly higher after 24 h in running water than in controls Fig. Once you have done your analyses and decided how best to present each one, think about how you will arrange them.

This baseline is defined in the legend. Some examples of an absolute frequencies: In consideration of your readers, place each Table or Figure as near as possible to the place where you first refer to it e.Using tables and figures in research papers is essential for the paper’s readability.

The reader is given a chance to understand data through visual content. When writing a research paper, these elements should be considered as part of good research writing. Instead of using only descriptive text for your scholarly article, consider other visual ways and representations that improve the academic writing of your research paper.

Figures, tables and graphs are useful methods for gathering a great deal of information into one place that can then be mentioned in the content of your article. Tables and figures are essential components of a research paper. Even before you begin preparing tables and figures for your research manuscript, it is essential for you to understand if and when to use them.

How to Write the Results Section of a Research Paper

Here are some tips to help you better. Feb 18,  · The writing of the results section of a scientific paper is very important for the readers for clearly understanding of the study. This review summarizes the rules for writing the results section of a scientific paper and describes the use of tables and figures.

If you are using data from a source in your figure, be sure to cite the source after the figure description. See our page on Citing Sources for Tables and Figures for examples.

For more on figures, see APA pages – RESPIRATORY CARE Journal symposium, “Anatomy of a Research Paper: tables and figures that you intend to place in an abstract. The table or figure should take up no more than one third Effective Use of Tables & Figures in Abstracts, Presentations & .

Using tables and figures in an academic research paper
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