The five days that we have to respond to your request does not include the time between when we ask for a deposit and when you respond. This gives rise to a desire for revenge, and punishing the criminal tends to satisfy that need.
Rarely depending The reason behind criminal sentencing circumstancesmurder charges are "mitigated" and reduced to manslaughter charges. The Council may be contacted by e-mail at foiacouncil dls. In the course of human history the deterrence aspect of criminal punishment has had gruesome chapters, including public executions and leaving corpses of the crucified to hang upon the cross.
This would include items like staff time spent searching for the requested records, copying costs, or any other costs directly related to supplying the requested records.
No public body shall impose any extraneous, intermediary, or surplus fees or expenses to recoup the general costs associated with creating or maintaining records or transacting the general business of the public body. Often programs are offered to offenders to assist in dealing with certain problems.
FOIA requires that the Virginia Criminal Sentencing Commission make one of the following responses to your request within the five-day time period: You may have to pay for the records that you request from the Virginia Criminal Sentencing Commission.
In law, a sentence forms the final explicit act of a judge The reason behind criminal sentencing process as well as the symbolic principal act connected to their function. Types of Records The following is a general description of the types of records held by the Virginia Criminal Sentencing Commission: Participation in programs such as drug and alcohol counseling or domestic violence education serves potentially to rehabilitate an individual.
With that thought in mind, places that were previously known as jail or prison have become Departments of Correction. However, FOIA requires that we make a reasonable effort to reach an agreement with you concerning the production or the records before we go to court to ask for more time.
We provide some of the records that you have requested, but withhold other records. Statutes often specify the range of penalties that may be imposed for various offences, and sentencing guidelines sometimes regulate what punishment within those ranges can be imposed given a certain set of offence and offender characteristics.
In some instances, laws require restitution to the victim. This publicity is part of the deterrent factor in imposing a criminal penalty.
Some rehabilitation may come from within a person who is incarcerated. Those imprisoned for multiple crimes will serve a consecutive sentence in which the period of imprisonment equals the sum of all the sentences served sequentially, or one after the nexta concurrent sentence in which the period of imprisonment equals the length of the longest sentence where the sentences are all served together at the same timeor somewhere in between, sometimes subject to a cap.
Rehabilitation There is also a value that every human life has meaning and worth. If you make a request for a very large number of records, and we feel that we cannot provide the records to you within 12 working days without disrupting our other organizational responsibilities, we may petition the court for additional time to respond to your request.
That writing must identify the volume and subject matter of the records being withheld, and state the specific section of the Code of Virginia that allows us to withhold the records.
Also, when the penalties are well known and there is public dissemination of penalties for a particular crime, it is expected that others who might contemplate the crime would be deterred from engaging in the prohibited activity.
If you are unsure whether the Virginia Criminal Sentencing Commission has the record s you seek, please contact: We inform you in writing that the requested records cannot be found or do not exist we do not have the records you want.
When their liberty is restored they may restrict their actions to the boundaries of the law. When there is a trial, sentencing and punishment imposed, there is often attendant publicity. However, if we know that another public body has the requested records, we must include contact information for the other public body in our response to you.
The five-day period does not include weekends or holidays. Criminals who are imprisoned may evaluate their actions and reshape their behavior. When an offender has not been deterred by prior penalties, protection of potential victims from that offender becomes an important consideration.
Additionally, having a person punished by society provides some measure of revenge for the specific victim of the act. Any duplicating fee charged by a public body shall not exceed the actual cost of duplication.
We must provide you with a written response stating the specific section of the Code of Virginia that allows portions of the requested records to be withheld. Criminal law is generally reserved for the vindication of society, and often a victim will need to file a separate civil lawsuit to recover damages.
This is particularly true of repeat offenders. Costs A public body may make reasonable charges not to exceed its actual cost incurred in accessing, duplicating, supplying, or searching for the requested records. This makes it difficult for fine gradations in punishments to be achieved.Mindful that sentencing and corrections policies reach into various levels and branches of government, the Principles also reflect the value that lawmakers place on stakeholders throughout criminal justice systems in policy development and discussions.
Five Philosophical Reasons For Sentencing Criminals Retribution Retribution is the act of taking revenge on criminal perpetrator. If a offender breaks the law he or she should be punished based on perceived need of vengenace. Start studying Criminal Justice Chp.
9: Sentencing. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. behind “three strikes,” and “truth in sentencing” policies, to utilize the threat of very severe sentences in order to deter some persons from engaging in criminal behavior.
One problem with deterrence theory is that it assumes that human beings are rational.
The Reasons behind Criminal Sentencing Karen Moses CRJ Juvenile Justice Instructor: Timothy Koester 08/30/ When someone commits a crime and they are caught and convicted they receive some type of punishment through the process of sentencing.
The three main reasons for criminal sentencing. The three main reasons for criminal sentencing are punishment, crime reduction and reparation. Some types of sentencing may contain things to help with deterrence, rehabilitation, incapacitation and retribution of the convicted criminal.
When someone is found guilty of committing a crime a court of law must decide what the punishment will be.Download