Ecosystem A system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with its environment. Sociology The study and analysis of patterned social relationships in modern societies.
This section of the course enables the instructor to explore with students the ways in which different aspects of culture serve, at different times and in different ways, as sources of cohesion, as springboards for innovation or creativity, or as bases of social conflict. Communication Technologies[ edit ] With communication technologies, we have database, electronic mail, voice mail, faxes, and cell phone.
Rewards that are contingent on performance can also enhance satisfaction in a job. Social change A modification or transformation in the way society is organized. Formal organizations Highly structured groups with specific objectives and usually clearly stated rules and regulations.
Opportunity In an organization, the potential that a particular position contains for the expansion of work responsibilities and rewards. Psychoanalytic Harry Levinson took that Freudian approach.
Important concepts reviewed in this section, with current research, are prejudice, discrimination, and institutional racism.
The significance of the demographic structure of age is also reviewed, especially the current "graying of America. Ecological paradigm A theory of land use and living patterns that examines the interplay among economic functions, geographical factors, demography, and the replacement of one group by another.
Ecological succession In urban sociology, the replacement of one group by another over time. This group represented a sharp increase in birth rates and in the absolute number of births compared to pre levels.
Sibling A brother or sister. Learning theory In psychology, the theory that specific human behaviors are acquired or forgotten as a result of the rewards or punishments associated with them. Some sociologists, like psychologists, conduct experiments, while others rely principally on historical or archival data to test their hypotheses.
Theoretical approach A set of guiding ideas.
Merton called middle-range theory: The role of religion in influencing and being influenced by social change is also covered. Rationalization is a sociological term that simply means the substitution of logically consistent rules for traditional or illogical rules.
Conjugal family A form of family organization centered around the husband-wife relationship rather than around blood relationships. Many ethnomethodologists focus on the study of language and everyday conversation.
Affective and normative commitment people tend to have a lower absence at work. What are theories of collective behavior? Weberian approach The views held by conflict theorists who, using the ideas of Max Weber, stress the significance of conflict in social life, especially conflict among status groups such as those based on occupation, ethnic background, or religion.
In fact, to be productive, they only need to know how to complete a single task. Democracy A form of political organization in which power resides with the people and is exercised by them. Students will learn how sociologists tabulate their data using statistical methods, some of which are highly sophisticated.
Patterns of religious belief are reviewed, as well as the influence of religion on social and political attitudes and behavior.College–Level Sociology Curriculum For Introduction to Sociology.
to the sociological study of society. Sociology focuses on the systematic understanding of social interaction, social organization, social institutions, and social change.
and formal records for control and planning) b. Advantages of bureaucracy (efficiency; expertise. It is the process by which the principles of efficiency, calculability, predictability, and control shape organization and decision making in the United States and around the world.
In the United States, McDonaldization begun when Henry Ford pioneered with his vision of an assembly line for improving the production of automobiles. An Introduction to Sociology Chapter 2.
Sociological Research Chapter 3. Culture Among her proposals for changing leadership are reducing centralization and hierarchical control of party leaders, allowing MPs to vote freely, decreasing narrow political partisanship, engaging in cross-partisan collaboration, and restoring respect and.
Social structure: Social structure, in sociology, the distinctive, stable arrangement of institutions whereby human beings in a society interact and live together. Social structure is often treated together with the concept of social change, which deals with forces that change the social structure and the organization of society.
Sociology /3 Questions to ponder: How are justifications and institutions of power and control (i.e., domination) related to patterns of social organization? Whistleblowing and the Control of Organizational Misconduct * Authors. Is professor of sociology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Her current research on whistleblowing extends her scholarship on how participants' values and convictions may shape organizational practices and lead to organizational change.Download