The most important motive for early European exploration across the Atlantic was the dream of enormous riches. In he set out to make the traditional pilgrimage to Meccaand in some 30 years he visited the greater part of the Old World, covering, it has been said, more than 75, mileskm.
The rapid colonization of the shores of the Mediterranean and of the Black Sea by Phoenicia and the Greek city-states in the 1st millennium bce must have been accompanied by the exploration of their hinterlands by countless unknown soldiers and traders. Unlike Mexico or Peru, the Portuguese colony of Brazil lacked precious metals near the coast.
This new global system, with the conquest of the Americas at its core, gradually and greatly enriched the new European imperial powers—especially, early on, the Spanish and the Portuguese, and then later the English and the French.
The sugar and slave trade became known as the triangular trade because the English colonies in North America were also involved. Exploration of the Atlantic coastlines Beyond the Pillars of Hercules the Strait of Gibraltarthe Carthaginians from the Phoenician city of Carthage in what is now Tunisiaholding both shores of the strait, early ventured out into the Atlantic.
The earlier expeditions through Babylonia and Persia were through regions already familiar to the Greeks, but the later ones through the enormous tract of land from the south of the Caspian Sea to the mountains of the Hindu Kush brought the Greeks a great deal of new geographical knowledge.
The Portuguese sold Brazilian sugar to New Englanders who turned the sugar into rum and sailed across the Atlantic to trade the liquor for enslaved Africans. Traveling the great caravan routes from southern Russianorth of the Caspian and Aral seas and north of the Tien Shan Tien Mountainsboth Carpini and Ruysbroeck eventually reached the court of the emperor at Karakorum.
For example, Columbus and the Spanish settlers that followed him to the island of Hispaniola today the Dominican Republic and Haiti divided the land amongst themselves and virtually enslaved the indigenous Taino. His story is known only from fragments of the work of a contemporary historian, Timaeus who lived in the 4th and 3rd centuries bceas retold by the Roman savant Pliny the Elderthe Greek geographer Strabo, and the Greek historian Diodorus Siculusall of whom were critical of its truth.
Also, the Aztecs had never seen or used horses, and they found them terrifying to face in battle. It is estimated that central and west Africans acquired over 20 million guns from Europeans during the slave trade, mostly between and Getz Europeans of perspicacity saw the opportunities that friendship with the Mongol power might bring.
The original Taino population of aboutin shrank in just 20 years to under 60, Getz The Americas, by contrast, lacked large domesticable animals and concomitant diseases. Europeans could not conquer African nations because many were powerful and because various diseases, such as malaria and yellow fever, made it extremely dangerous for Europeans to enter into the interior of the continent.
The ports surrounding the South China Sea was an area that was most developed. Cosmas Indicopleustes, an Alexandrian geographer writing in the 6th century, knew that Tzinitza China could be reached by sailing eastward, but he added: The Arabs, most successful of all, dominated eastern sea routes from the 3rd to the 15th century.
The original Americans had no answer for cannons and other firearms, such as arquebuses. Other motives of European exploration included the desire to earn glory, strategic needs and the need for gold.
About ce, one Bjarni Herjulfssonon his way from Iceland to Greenland, was blown off course far to the southwest; he saw an unknown shore and returned to tell his tale. Likewise, inthe Spanish conqueror Hernan Cortez landed in Mexico seeking the rumored gold of the Aztecs.
Great Britain banned the import of Indian cloth and Chinese silk inand France did the same 10 years later Marks The Europeans were mainly motivated by the bounty riches tales of distant kingdoms in Asia and Africa.
As the 2nd century ce passed and Roman power declined, trade with the eastern seas did not cease but was gradually taken over by Ethiopians, Parthians, and Arabs.The Turning Point: European Conquests of the Americas () we’ll look at Europe’s discovery of a route to the “New World” in the Americas and explore why it is so important in understanding modern imperialism.
and demanded treasure. Once Aztec nobles delivered the ransom, the treacherous Cortez killed Moctezuma and set. European exploration: European exploration of Earth, beginning about the 4th a Mongol chief assumed the title of Genghis Khan and, after campaigns in China that gave him control there, turned his conquering armies westward.
Discovery of the New World; India: India and European expansion, c. –; United States: The European. Get an answer for 'What motivations caused Christopher Columbus to go and explore the new world?' and find homework help for other Columbus, Christopher questions at.
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Motivations for the Age of Exploration. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: (The European Voyages of Exploration). It exposed the Europeans to new people and places, giving them the new objective to convert more people to Christianity.
With this in mind, explorers became motivated by personal glory to discover lands in the New World.Download