Below are some basic guidelines for incorporating quotations into your paper. Illness was rarely a routine matter in the nineteenth century [assertion]. Menand acknowledges that H. In "American Origins of the Writing-across-the-Curriculum Movement," David Russell argues, Writing has been an issue in American secondary and higher education since papers and examinations came into wide use in the s, eventually driving out formal recitation and oral examination.
Quotation within a quotation Use single quotation marks for the embedded quotation: Notice how a transitional phrase also serves to connect the quotation smoothly to the introductory statement.
According to Jonathan Clarke, "Professional diplomats often say that trying to think diplomatically about foreign policy is a waste of time. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark.
For example, when citing more than four lines of prose, use the following examples: Commas and periods Place inside closing quotation marks when no parenthetical citation follows: The whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy; But I hung on like death: According to HertzbergDahl gives the U.
As with any extended indented quotation, do not use quotation marks unless you need to indicate a quotation within your quotation. Punctuating with quotation marks Introducing a quotation One of your jobs as a writer is to guide your reader through your text.
Quotation of More than 3 Lines of Poetry More than 3 lines of poetry should be indented. The signal can also come after the assertion, again with a connecting word or phrase: This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Punctuating with Quotation Marks Parenthetical citations With short quotations, place citations outside of closing quotation marks, followed by sentence punctuation period, question mark, comma, semi-colon, colon: Quotation of Up to 3 Lines of Poetry Quotations of up to 3 lines of poetry should be integrated into your sentence.
MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation.
By chance, or else attracted by hearing his voice, it crept to Mr. Please note that brackets are not needed around ellipses unless adding brackets would clarify your use of ellipses. Short quotations To indicate short quotations four typed lines or fewer of prose or three lines of verse in your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation marks.
Jan Harold Brunvand, in an essay on urban legends, states, "some individuals [who retell urban legends] make a point of learning every rumor or tale" Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin; maintain double-spacing.
Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks. Be sure to put the quotes when the source text is copied word-for-word. Otherwise, such a quote will become plagiarism. The text of the quote must be complete. Arbitrary shortening of the text is unacceptable.
When referring to the author, indicate his surname and initials. Do not start the paragraph with the quote, initials or surname of the author. How to quote a source Additional resources These materials will help you avoid plagiarism by teaching you how to properly integrate information from published sources into your own writing.
Cite the website by placing the name of the website's editor or author in parenthesis at the end of the sentence containing information from the cited website source.
Include a works cited page to be included after the last page of the essay.
The works cited will contain the list of all sources used to compile the information used in the essay.Download